You might be familiar with the Japanese Spitz vs. Samoyed breeds if you’re a dog lover. Both breeds are known for their fluffy white coats, charming personalities, and adorable appearance, but they have some key differences. 

If you’re considering adding one of these breeds to your family, it’s essential to understand their differences and similarities. 

We’ll compare Japanese Spitz and Samoyed regarding their appearance, temperament, care requirements, and more.

By the end, you’ll have all the necessary details to decide which breed suits your way of life and inclinations.

Key Difference Between Japanese Spitz And Samoyed

While these fluffy white dog breeds may look similar, some key differences set them apart. These include:

The Origin 

The Japanese Spitz breed was created by crossbreeding various breeds, including the Siberian Samoyed and the German Spitz, in the early 1900s. 

They were meant to be companion dogs and were recognized by the Japanese Kennel Club in 1948. 

On the other hand, Samoyeds have been used as working dogs for centuries and were initially bred by the Samoyed people of Siberia for hunting and herding. 

They were also used as sled dogs for transportation in severe Arctic climates. Samoyeds are renowned for their endurance and flexibility in different surroundings due to their working background. 

Energy Levels 

Both breeds are typically active and playful, but the Samoyed tends to be more high-energy in comparison. 

Samoyeds were originally bred for work and required plenty of physical activity to maintain their endurance and strength. 

They enjoy activities like hiking, running, and playing fetch and need at least 2 hours of daily exercise to stay mentally and physically stimulated.

Japanese Spitz breeds, in contrast, are typically not as high-energy and may find shorter walks and play sessions satisfactory. 

They still need routine physical activity and mental engagement, but they don’t require as much energy and may suit individuals with a more laid-back lifestyle.


The Japanese Spitz breed is smaller than the Samoyed breed, with an average weight of 5 to 9 kilograms. 

In contrast, Samoyeds can weigh anywhere from 16 to 30 kilograms. When it comes to height, Japanese Spitz is generally 12 to 15 inches tall, while Samoyeds can grow up to 23 inches in height.

Another key difference between the looks department is their coat type. The Japanese Spitz is covered in medium-length white fur, whereas Samoyeds have longer hair that can come in shades like white, biscuit, cream, or white and biscuit.


The typical lifespan of a Japanese Spitz is 10 to 16 years, with an average of 13. Comparatively, the Samoyed breed has a lifespan of 12 to 14 years.

However, you can significantly influence your dog’s life expectancy as an owner. By offering them nutritious food, consistent training, and regular exercise, you can help them live healthy and long life.

The Barking 

Samoyeds and Japanese Spitz have different barking tendencies. Samoyeds are known to be more vocal than Japanese Spitz, but both breeds can develop problem barking behaviors.

To prevent this, it is important to ensure their needs are met, such as providing enough exercise and mental stimulation. 

Samoyeds can also struggle with separation anxiety and clinginess, so teaching them to be alone from a young age is important.

You should avoid leaving these dogs alone for long periods as they prefer to be around their family.


The Japanese Spitz and the Samoyed are intelligent dog breeds, but their trainability may vary due to their distinct personalities and temperaments. The Japanese Spitz is a highly trainable breed due to their eagerness to please their owners. 

They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise, and affection. Consistent and patient training sessions are recommended to keep their routine structured.

In contrast, the Samoyed is more independent and stubborn, making training a bit more challenging. 

Even though they are intelligent dogs, they tend to have their agenda and require more patience and creativity from their owners. 

Establishing yourself as the pack leader and using positive reinforcement training methods to encourage good behavior is crucial.


Japanese Spitzes and Samoyeds have similar temperaments but differ slightly in some aspects. 

Specifically, the differences lie in their levels of alertness, affection toward family, and the ability to get along with other dogs. 

Regarding affection, Japanese Spitzes love their families like any other dog. Samoyeds, on the other hand, can take it to another level and may become clingy. 

This is because they were bred to be companion animals and often slept curled up with their owners. 

Samoyeds tend to be more alert than Japanese Spitzes. Although they are friendly and unsuitable as guard dogs, they can make decent watchdogs. 

They may even bark to alert you of things that you don’t want them to, such as the mailman approaching the house. 


According to Georgina Ushi, a medical director at Pet Urgent Care at Wesley Chapel, the Japanese Spitz breed is generally considered one of the healthiest dog breeds. 

However, they may sometimes experience health issues such as patellar luxation, runny eyes, and dry, itchy skin. Moreover, they tend to become obese without a healthy diet. 

Similarly, while most Samoyeds are powerful and have few health issues, they are susceptible to some genetic conditions. 

These may include hip dysplasia, glomerulopathy, diabetes, skin problems, and overheating. Hip dysplasia is a common orthopedic condition leading to bone degeneration, pain, and arthritis. 

If not too severe, it can be treated with medications and joint health supplements, but surgery may be necessary if it has progressed. 

Striking Similarities Between Japanese Spitz And Samoyed

Here are some striking similarities between Japanese Spitz and Samoyed that make them both popular choices for pet owners.


The Japanese Spitz and Samoyed breeds share a common trait of affection towards their owners. 

They are both known for their friendly and loving nature and enjoy spending time with their humans. They are happiest when they are in the company of their loved ones.


Another notable similarity between Japanese Spitz and Samoyed is their stubbornness. Thus training them can be a bit of a challenge as they are both highly intelligent and independent. 

While they can quickly learn new commands, their stubbornness may cause them to ignore their owner’s instructions. But with firm and consistent training, they can be taught to be well-behaved and obedient pets.

Willing to please their owners

The Japanese Spitz and Samoyed breeds are known for their loyalty towards their owners, although they can be stubborn sometimes. 

They are highly motivated to please their human companions and are eager to learn new tricks and tasks. 

These breeds are ideal for various training activities, such as obedience and agility training, as they thrive on positive reinforcement and love being rewarded for their efforts. 

With the right training methods and consistency, they can become well-behaved and obedient pets, making them an excellent choice for families or individuals seeking a loyal and loving companion.

They are both great with children

The Samoyed and Japanese Spitz are great family dogs because of their patient and playful nature with kids. However, it is important to supervise their interactions to avoid any unwanted accidents. 

Teaching children how to respect and appropriately interact with the dogs’ boundaries is equally important. This way, the children and the dogs can form a strong and lasting bond.

Double coat

The Samoyed and Japanese Spitz breeds have a dense double coat consisting of a soft, thick undercoat and a longer and coarser outer coat. 

These breeds are known for shedding their undercoats throughout the year, with shedding becoming heavier twice a year when they “blow their coats.” 

Regular grooming and brushing are essential to maintain coat health and prevent matting.

Ideal environment

These two breeds are originally from very cold regions. Their fluffy fur isn’t just for show; it keeps them warm even in freezing temperatures. 

As a result, it’s not surprising that these dogs don’t cope well in warmer climates and can easily overheat. 

Moreover, excessive exposure to sunlight can cause their coats to become scorched, ruining their pristine white or cream appearance.

Between Japanese Spitz And Samoyed, Which One Should You Get?

Choosing between a Japanese Spitz and a Samoyed can be tough, as both breeds have much to offer. It ultimately comes down to your lifestyle and what you want in a furry companion.

If you have a busy lifestyle and cannot devote much time to exercise and grooming, the Japanese Spitz may be better for you. 

They are smaller than Samoyeds, making them easier to manage, and their coats are less high maintenance. 

Japanese Spitzes are also moderate barkers and less prone to developing problem barking behaviors compared to Samoyeds.

On the other hand, if you have an active lifestyle and enjoy spending time outdoors, then a Samoyed might be ideal for you. 

They are great for families who have plenty of time to devote to exercise and grooming, and they are excellent with children.


The Japanese Spitz and Samoyed are wonderful breeds with unique traits and characteristics. 

When deciding which breed is better for you, it’s important to consider your lifestyle, living situation, and preferences.

The Japanese Spitz is an excellent choice for those looking for a small and active dog that is relatively low-maintenance and doesn’t require a lot of grooming. 

On the other hand, the Samoyed is an excellent choice for those with a lot of time and energy to devote to their pet. They are larger, more vocal, and require a lot of exercise and grooming. 

About the Author

Raising Samoyeds

Raising Samoyeds serves as a go-to resource for Samoyed owners and prospective owners. Our blog shares insights, stories and tips relevant to both new and experienced owners alike in raising these magnificent dogs.

Our content covers everything from finding Samoyed puppies for sale, to training and grooming guides, health and nutrition advice and even heartwarming stories about life with Samoyeds. exists to assist readers on their journey with these wonderful dogs, encouraging responsible ownership, and celebrating the unique charm and companionship they bring into our lives. Through expert knowledge and personal experiences shared here on Raising Samoyeds' blog, Raising Samoyeds provides a supportive community for Samoyed fans worldwide.

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