The Samoyed Vs. Australian Shepherd debate is common in the dog lover community, and it gets heated since these are two great dog breeds. There are numerous reasons to love either of them, and they have a lot of similarities. So which is the more popular option? What are the differences between the two breeds? What traits do they share? We will explore each of these aspects to put this debate to rest once and for all. Let us get into the details and see who wins in the Samoyed vs. Australian Shepherd contest;

What Are Some Differences Between The Samoyed and Australian Shepherd?

Understanding the differences between these dog breeds is the first step in determining which breed is the best for you.  A few subtle differences make these breeds better choices for different groups of people. Here are some of the biggest ones;

1. Origin. Samoyeds originated from Siberia and were bred by the Samoyed people for herding reindeer and pulling sleds. As their name suggests, Australian Shepherds were developed in the United States for herding livestock, mainly sheep.

2. Size and structure. Samoyeds are typically larger than Australian Shepherds. Samoyeds are considered a medium to large-sized breed, with males standing about 21 to 23.5 inches (53 to 60 cm) tall at the shoulder and weighing around 45 to 65 pounds (20 to 30 kg). Australian Shepherds are medium-sized dogs, with males standing about 20 to 23 inches (51 to 58 cm) tall at the shoulder and weighing around 50 to 65 pounds (23 to 29 kg).

2. Coat. The coat of a Samoyed is thick and fluffy and comes in shades of white or biscuit. It has a dense undercoat and a longer, coarse outer coat that gives them a distinct appearance. Australian Shepherds have a medium-length, weather-resistant double coat. The coat can be straight or wavy and comes in various colors and patterns, including black, blue merle, red, and red merle.

3. Tail. Samoyeds have a characteristic curled tail that rests on their back. It is plumed and carried over the body. Australian Shepherds have a natural bobtail, meaning they are born with a shorter or naturally docked tail. Some Australian Shepherds may have a full-length tail as well.

4. Herding style. While both breeds have herding backgrounds, they have different herding styles. Samoyeds are more suited for driving and herding reindeer. Australian Shepherds are known for their ability to control the movement of livestock with their intense gaze and quick movements.

5. Exercise needs. Samoyeds require good exercise to keep them happy and healthy, but they may have slightly lower exercise needs than Australian Shepherds. Australian Shepherds are highly energetic and require regular vigorous exercise and mental stimulation to prevent behavioral issues due to pent-up energy.

6. Trainability. Both breeds are intelligent, but Australian Shepherds are often highly trainable and excel in obedience training and dog sports. 

Samoyeds can sometimes be stubborn and may require consistent, patient training methods.

Similarities between The Samoyed and Australian Shepherd

The Samoyed and Australian shepherds might have different backgrounds and histories but have several apparent similarities. The following physical and behavioral similarities make it challenging for some people to pick between the breeds;

  1. Appearance. Both breeds have a similar appearance in terms of their body size and structure. They are both medium to large-sized dogs with well-muscled bodies. However, there are differences in coat color and texture.
  2. Intelligence. Both the Samoyed and the Australian shepherds are known for their high intelligence. They are highly trainable and quick to learn new commands and tasks.
  3. Energy levels. Both breeds are energetic and require regular exercise to stimulate them mentally and physically. They have a similar need for physical activities such as daily walks, playtime, and engaging exercises.
  4. Social nature. Samoyeds and Australian Shepherds are typically friendly and sociable dogs. They often enjoy the company of their family members and are generally good with children and other pets when properly socialized.
  5. Grooming needs. Both breeds have a thick double coat that requires regular grooming to keep them in good condition. They shed moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding during seasonal coat changes.
  6. Working background. While both breeds have historically been working dogs, their roles and origins differ. The Samoyed people of Siberia developed Samoyeds as sled dogs and reindeer herders. On the other hand, Australian Shepherds were bred in the United States for herding livestock.

Which of The Two Dog Breeds Is More Popular? 

This question is difficult since the Australian Shepherd and the Samoyed are popular dog breeds. The popularity can vary depending on the region and current trends. Australian Shepherds have gained significant popularity in recent years. They are known for their intelligence, versatility, and energetic nature, which have made them a sought-after breed for various activities like herding, agility, and obedience trials. Their popularity is due to their appearances in movies, television shows, and social media and their reputation as loyal and active companions.

Samoyeds, on the other hand, have a long-standing popularity as well. They are known for their friendly and sociable nature, beautiful white coats, and smiling expressions. Samoyeds were traditionally for herding reindeer and pulling sleds, but they are primarily kept as companion dogs today. Their fluffy appearance and friendly temperament have made them popular among families and dog enthusiasts.It’s worth noting that popularity can fluctuate over time and can vary in different regions or countries. The best way to gauge the popularity of a particular breed is to consult local adoption and registration statistics. You can also take the observations of reputable breeders and dog organizations in your specific area.

Tips On Taking Care of An Australian Shepherd 

Australian shepherds are sensitive, and you need to know how to correctly care for them to develop a good relationship with them. Their heightened intelligence makes this even more critical, as they can quickly learn and pick up new habits. So if you don’t treat them correctly, they will quickly develop undesirable traits that will be difficult to train out of them. Here are some tips to ensure your Australian Shepherd’s physical and mental nourishment;

  • Exercise. Australian Shepherds are energetic dogs that require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Aim for at least 1 to 2 hours of exercise daily, including brisk walks, jogging, hiking, or playing fetch. Engaging in interactive games and puzzle toys can help fulfill their mental stimulation needs.
  • Training and mental stimulation. Australian Shepherds are highly intelligent and thrive on mental challenges. Provide them with consistent, positive reinforcement-based training to keep their minds active. Teach them basic commands, obedience training, and engage in activities like agility, herding, or nose work. Puzzle toys and interactive treat-dispensing toys can also help keep their minds sharp.
  • Grooming. Australian Shepherds have a double coat that requires regular grooming. Brush their coat at least once or twice weekly to prevent matting and remove lost hair. During shedding seasons, they may need more frequent brushing to control the amount of hair around your home. Additionally, check and clean their ears regularly to prevent infections, and trim their nails as needed.
  • Proper nutrition. Provide your Australian Shepherd with balanced, high-quality dog food that suits their age, size, and activity level. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate feeding schedule and portion sizes. Be mindful of their weight to prevent obesity, as excess weight can lead to health problems, especially for puppies and older dogs.
  • Socialization. Australian Shepherds are typically friendly and social dogs. Early socialization is crucial to help them develop good manners and get along with people, other animals, and different environments. Expose them to various sights, sounds, people, and animals in a positive and controlled manner to ensure they grow into well-rounded and confident dogs.
  • Regular veterinary care. Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian to monitor your Australian Shepherd’s health. Keep up with vaccinations, deworming, flea and tick prevention, and other recommended preventive measures. Regular dental care, including tooth brushing or dental treats, is also important for oral hygiene. Be nice about cleaning your dog and give them treats and positive encouragement during and after to ensure they don’t develop negative emotions around it.
  • Mental and emotional well-being. Australian Shepherds are known for their loyalty and desire to be with their families. Ensure they receive plenty of attention, love, and quality time with you. Provide appropriate toys, interactive play, and companionship to prevent boredom and separation anxiety.


The Samoyed vs. Australian Shepherd discussion is popular among dog enthusiasts and aspiring owners. The dogs have the same temperament and only differ in build and appearance. Both are amazing and popular dog breeds, but most prefer the Australian Shepherd. The Samoyed has more complicated requirements for mental and physical stimulation; therefore, most people see the Australian Shepard as the easier choice. When it comes to beauty, however, the Samoyed is one of the most gorgeous dogs on the market. 

About the Author


Raising Samoyeds serves as a go-to resource for Samoyed owners and prospective owners. Our blog shares insights, stories and tips relevant to both new and experienced owners alike in raising these magnificent dogs.

Our content covers everything from finding Samoyed puppies for sale, to training and grooming guides, health and nutrition advice and even heartwarming stories about life with Samoyeds. exists to assist readers on their journey with these wonderful dogs, encouraging responsible ownership, and celebrating the unique charm and companionship they bring into our lives. Through expert knowledge and personal experiences shared here on Raising Samoyeds' blog, Raising Samoyeds provides a supportive community for Samoyed fans worldwide.

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