Samoyeds and Chow Chows are two popular dog breeds known for their striking appearance and unique traits. Samoyeds boast thick, fluffy white coats while Chow Chows boast distinctive blue-black tongues and an almost lion-like presence. These breeds have enjoyed rapid popularity over time and potential owners may wonder which would best match their lifestyle and preferences. Samoyed vs Chow Chow: Which breed is the superior choice for a pet?

In this article, the Samoyed and Chow Chow breeds are compared and contrasted in terms of their history, appearance, temperament, grooming, health, training, and exercise needs. By examining these characteristics, you can gain a better understanding of these breeds and make an informed decision on which one would be best suited for them.

Introduce and explore the origins of Samoyed and Chow Chow breeds

The Samoyed breed is thought to have its origins amongst Siberia’s Samoyede people, a nomadic tribe renowned for using dogs as herders of reindeer, pullers of sleds, keepers of warm nights during cold spells, hunting companions and protectors of homes against intruders. Hunting and protection were other uses.

These dogs were valued by their families immensely – so much so that the Samoyede people considered them members of their extended families! Its popularity among European families continued in Europe during this century’s invasion when Europeans brought it as show dogs or family pets from Asia.

The Chow Chow breed has an ancient past. It is thought to have originated in China over 2000 years ago, where they were employed for hunting, herding, protecting the home from thieves, herding sheep, herding goats and being kept by Chinese royalty as symbols of royalty and protection for their households. Later introduced into Western countries during the late 19th century as show dogs or family pets, their popularity quickly skyrocketed.

Samoyed dogs are believed to have originated in Siberia, particularly amongst the Samoyedic people who used them for herding reindeer, hunting and sledding – they also served as guard dogs due to their fierce loyalty and protective nature towards their families and homes. The American Kennel Club recognized the Samoyed breed in 1906.

Chow Chow dogs hail from China and date back to around 300 BC, where they were initially used for hunting, herding and guarding purposes before becoming symbols of wealth among Chinese nobility as companion dogs. Chows first arrived in Western countries during the late 18th century before officially receiving recognition by AKC in 1903.

Both breeds have long histories and were initially developed for practical uses; however, their distinctive appearance and personality traits have made them popular family pets in modern times. Both breeds are widely recognized for their loyalty and protectiveness – making them wonderful additions to any household!

Describe the physical features of Samoyeds and Chow Chows.


Both Samoyeds and Chow Chows possess thick, dense coats which require frequent grooming. While Samoyed’s fur is white with fluffy locks, Chow Chow’s can range in color to black, blue, cinnamon or cream; their straight coarse fur differs significantly from Samoyeds silky waves.


The Samoyed is a medium-sized breed, typically weighing 35-65 pounds and standing 19-23.5 inches at maturity. Meanwhile, Chow Chows tend to be larger dogs weighing between 45-70 pounds with 18-20 inches being their maximum height at maturity.

Facial Features

Chow Chows have an exceptional appearance, featuring a broad skull with an indentation between their forehead and nose and small, rounded ears and a blue-black tongue. Samoyeds boast more fox-like features with almond-shaped eyes and triangular ears standing erect.

Body Structure

Chow Chows possess muscular, sturdy frames with deep chests and broad, level backs; their gait can sometimes appear stilted or stumbly; Samoyeds feature more slender builds with deep chests and level toplines as well as graceful gaits and an engaging walk that leaves no one standing still!


Samoyeds have plumed tails that curl over their back, while Chow Chows possess thick furry tails that carry high and curl over. Both breeds rely heavily on their tail for communication and expression purposes.

Difference Between Samoyed vs Chow Chow 

Here are the key differences between Samoyed and Chow Chow breeds presented as a table:

CharacteristicSamoyedChow Chow
SizeMedium (35-65 pounds)Large (45-70 pounds)
Height19-23.5 inches17-20 inches
CoatWhite and fluffyBlack, blue, cinnamon or cream
Grooming NeedsHighHigh
TemperamentFriendly and sociableReserved and independent
Exercise NeedsHighModerate
Health IssuesHip dysplasia, eye issuesHip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia
Lifespan12-14 years8-12 years
TrainabilityHighly trainableIndependent-minded
SheddingHeavy sheddingHeavy shedding

Similarities between Samoyeds and Chow Chows

Here is a table comparing Samoyeds to Chow Chows that highlights their key similarities:

CharacteristicSamoyedChow Chow
OriginNorthern SiberiaNorthern China
Coat thicknessThick and denseThick and dense
Coat maintenanceRegular groomingRegular grooming
LoyaltyLoyal to familyLoyal to family
Exercise NeedsModerate to highModerate
Health ConcernsHip dysplasiaHip dysplasia
Life Expectancy12-14 years8-12 years
Sociability with humansFriendlyCan be reserved

How Can You Select the Ideal Breed?

Selecting a dog breed requires careful thought. Here are some factors to keep in mind when making this important decision:

Lifestyle and Living Space

Consider both your lifestyle and living space when selecting a dog breed. Are there enough space for a large breed such as Chow Chow, or would a smaller Samoyed be more suitable? If you live in an apartment, perhaps a breed which requires less exercise might be more suitable – or consider choosing a breed which requires less time spent outside for exercise.

Activity Level

Consider your activity level and available time when considering exercise and training your dog. Samoyeds require daily physical activity while Chow Chows tend to require less. If you enjoy hiking and other outdoor activities, a Samoyed may be ideal as your companion!

Grooming Requirements

Take into consideration the grooming needs for each breed when making your selection. Both Samoyeds and Chow Chows require regular brushing and grooming, though Chow Chows require more intense upkeep of their double coats than Samoyeds do; if grooming your pet requires too much time or energy then perhaps selecting a Samoyed may be more suitable.

Personality and Temperament

Carefully consider the personality and temperament of each breed when selecting your dog. Samoyeds tend to be outgoing and friendly while Chow Chows tend to be reserved. If you prefer outgoing and friendly dogs, Samoyeds might be an excellent fit.

Consider Health Concerns

Understand and address any unique health concerns specific to each breed. Both Samoyeds and Chow Chows can be susceptible to hip dysplasia and eye conditions; be sure to research each breed’s associated risks so as to take measures to lower them and mitigate future issues.

Samoyed vs Chow Chow Conclusion

Comparing and contrasting the Samoyed and Chow Chow dog breeds can assist potential pet owners in making an informed decision regarding which breed would best meet their needs. While both breeds share some similar features, such as physical appearance and personality/temperament differences as well as health concerns, grooming requirements, and exercise needs.

Selecting the ideal breed requires taking into account several key aspects, including your lifestyle, living space, activity level, grooming needs and personality/temperament preferences – these will all come into play when making this important decision. By doing so, you’re more likely to find one that will become part of your family!

Always keep in mind that owning a dog is a long-term commitment requiring dedication, patience, and responsibility. No matter if it’s a Samoyed or Chow Chow breed – giving your beloved pup ample love, attention, and proper care will contribute greatly to his or her well being and overall happiness.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Samoyeds and Chow Chows suitable pets for children?

Answer:  Samoyeds tend to be friendly while Chow Chows may remain more independent than Samoyeds when properly socialized or trained properly both breeds could make wonderful family pets!

Do Samoyeds and Chow Chows make suitable apartment companions?

Answer: Both breeds require enough exercise and mental stimulation in order to adapt successfully to apartment living, though larger breeds might need a bit more room than that.

How often should Samoyeds and Chow Chows need grooming?

Answer: Both breeds feature thick double coats that require frequent brushing; Samoyeds should be groomed at least twice weekly while Chow Chows may require daily brushing and grooming.

About the Author

Raising Samoyeds

Raising Samoyeds serves as a go-to resource for Samoyed owners and prospective owners. Our blog shares insights, stories and tips relevant to both new and experienced owners alike in raising these magnificent dogs.

Our content covers everything from finding Samoyed puppies for sale, to training and grooming guides, health and nutrition advice and even heartwarming stories about life with Samoyeds. exists to assist readers on their journey with these wonderful dogs, encouraging responsible ownership, and celebrating the unique charm and companionship they bring into our lives. Through expert knowledge and personal experiences shared here on Raising Samoyeds' blog, Raising Samoyeds provides a supportive community for Samoyed fans worldwide.

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