Samoyed vs Golden Retriever! These are two of the world’s most beloved dog breeds. Both share several common characteristics such as physical characteristics, temperament, exercise and training needs, grooming requirements, health considerations and suitability as pets; yet each canine differs significantly in physical traits, temperament, exercise needs, grooming requirements, health considerations and suitability as a pet. 

Here in this article we compare and contrast both breeds to help you decide which may best fit into your lifestyle and needs – whether that’s companionship for your family, running partner or loving friend; knowing their differences will help ensure you make an informed decision!

Samoyed Breed Characteristics

Samoyeds are medium to large-sized dog breeds best known for their thick, fluffy coat. Here are some physical traits associated with Samoyeds:


The Samoyed breed stands between 19 to 23.5 inches at their shoulders and can weigh 35 to 65 pounds.


Samoyeds have dense, thick and fluffy double coats which come in white or cream color. Their outer coat can be harsh and long while their undercoat can be soft and woolly, providing them with maximum insulation from extreme cold.


The Samoyed has an anatomically wedge-shaped head with a broad skull and long, tapering muzzle. Their dark-brown almond-shaped eyes sit deep within their skull while their triangular 


The Samoyed is known for having an athletic and compact physique with deep chest, straight back, and curled tail extending behind their backs.


To facilitate winter walking on snow and ice conditions, Samoyeds feature large round feet covered with thick pads covered with fur that aid in walking on slippery surfaces.

Samoyeds have unique physical characteristics that lend them their unique appearance, as well as being well-suited for cold climates. Their thick coat and fluffy appearance may require regular grooming sessions; however, their thickness helps keep them warm in colder environments.

Golden Retriever Breed’s Physical Characteristics 

The Golden Retriever is a large-sized dog breed known for their golden coat and friendly disposition. Here are some physical traits associated with the breed:


Golden Retrievers generally range between 21 inches and 24 inches at their shoulders and can weigh from 55-75 pounds.


Golden Retrievers have dense and water-repellant double coats in various shades of golden. Their outer coat may be either straight or wavy while their undercoat can be soft and dense.


Golden Retrievers possess a broad and round head with a straight muzzle, boasting friendly dark eyes set far apart that display kind expressions. Their ears are medium-sized and sit close to their head.


The Golden Retriever has an athletic body with a deep chest, straight back, and long, furry tail covered with hair. 


These dog breeds possess webbed feet with thick pads on them for swimming or running across various terrain.

Overall, Golden Retriever’s physical characteristics give them a friendly yet athletic appearance that makes them ideal for activities like swimming, running and retrieving. Their dense water repellent coat may require regular grooming but keeps them dry in wet environments.

Here is a table comparing Samoyeds and Golden Retrievers, outlining their main differences: 

FeatureSamoyedGolden Retriever
SizeMedium to largeLarge
Weight35-65 pounds55-75 pounds
CoatThick and fluffy double coat, white or cream colorDense and water-repellent double coat, various shades of golden color
Grooming needsHigh maintenance, requires daily brushing to prevent matting and sheddingModerate maintenance, requires regular brushing to prevent matting and shedding
TemperamentFriendly, playful, and independentFriendly, loyal, and obedient
Exercise needsModerate to high, requires daily exercise and playtimeModerate to high, requires daily exercise and playtime
TrainabilityCan be stubborn and independent, requires consistent and positive trainingIntelligent and eager to please, respond well to positive reinforcement training
Health concernsProne to hip dysplasia, diabetes, and eye diseasesProne to cancer, hip dysplasia, and heart diseases
Suitability as a petGood for active families, requires a lot of attention and exerciseGood for families with children, easy to train, and adaptable to different living situations

Note that while there are general differences between the breeds, individual dogs may vary significantly in temperament, behavior and health depending on factors like genetics, environment and training.

Comparative Comparison Between Samoyed And Golden Retriever

Below is a table outlining some similarities between Samoyed and Golden Retriever breeds: 

FeatureSamoyedGolden Retriever
Energy levelBoth breeds are energetic and require regular exercise and playtime 
SociabilityBoth breeds are friendly and social, and enjoy spending time with their family and friends 
IntelligenceBoth breeds are intelligent and trainable, and respond well to positive reinforcement training 
SheddingBoth breeds shed moderately to heavily, and require regular grooming to manage to shed 
LifespanBoth breeds have a similar lifespan of around 10-12 years on average 
AffectionateBoth breeds are known to be affectionate and loving towards their family and enjoy being close to their humans 

Even though there may be similarities between the breeds, it’s important to keep in mind that they remain distinct with distinctive features and personalities.

Exercise And Training Need

Both Samoyeds and Golden Retrievers are energetic dogs who require daily physical exercise to remain healthy and content. Their exercise needs may differ slightly; here are their variations: 


For best health results, an SAMOYED should receive:

  • Samoyeds are high-energy dogs that need at least 30-60 minutes of physical and mental exercise daily, including play time. Whilst intelligent, Samoyeds may need consistent and positive training.
  • Golden Retrievers enjoy outdoor activities, such as hiking, running, and playing in the snow. Their thick coat can make them less tolerant to hot temperatures; thus it’s important to provide shade and water on hot days for this breed.
  • Golden Retrievers are medium to high-energy dogs, needing at least 30-60 minutes of daily physical and mental exercise and playtime. * Because these intelligent canines are eager to please, training with positive reinforcement training techniques is easy for them and results in positive reinforcement results.
  • Puppies take pleasure in activities like swimming, fetching and running.

They can tolerate various weather conditions but should not be left outdoors in extreme heat or cold.

Both breeds require consistent and positive training in order to develop good behavior and socialization skills. Training should begin early to ensure they grow into well-adjusted adult dogs who follow obedience commands, with enough mental and physical stimulation provided as early as possible in life to avoid boredom or destructive behavior. There may also be health concerns with both breeds; thus prompting their respective breeders to provide consistent and positive training protocols from an early age.

Samoyeds and Golden Retrievers alike can be susceptible to certain health concerns. Here are some specific health considerations for each breed: Samoyed:

  • Hip dysplasia: When one or both hip joints do not develop correctly, arthritis and pain may occur as a result.
  • Diabetes, which is a metabolic condition affecting their ability to regulate their blood sugar levels. 
  • Eye Diseases: Samoyeds have an increased susceptibility for progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts than Golden Retrievers do.

Golden Retrievers 

  • Cancer: Golden Retrievers have increased risk of cancer, particularly lymphoma and hemangiosarcoma.
  • Hip Dysplasia: When the hip joint fails to develop normally and causes arthritis and discomfort.
  • Heart Diseases: Golden Retrievers can develop heart-related conditions such as dilated cardiomyopathy and subaortic stenosis, both of which can pose risks to their health.

In order to protect their health, it’s essential that you feed your dog a balanced and nutritionally-sound diet, provide them with regular physical activity and playtime, and ensure regular vet check-ups. 

Furthermore, selecting a breeder with established screening processes that screen breeding dogs for genetic diseases. Regular check-ups and early detection can extend both their lifespan and quality of life significantly.

Samoyed vs Golden Retriever Conclusion

Both Samoyed and Golden Retriever breeds make for excellent family pets, offering energetic companionship while being adaptable pets for different living situations. Both share similar sociability, intelligence, shedding behavior and lifespan characteristics while having distinct physical characteristics, temperaments, exercise/training needs, grooming requirements, health concerns and suitability as a pet – while Samoyeds may be better for those able to meet high grooming demands while Golden Retrievers tend to be better in adaptability suited for various environments.

About the Author

Raising Samoyeds

Raising Samoyeds serves as a go-to resource for Samoyed owners and prospective owners. Our blog shares insights, stories and tips relevant to both new and experienced owners alike in raising these magnificent dogs.

Our content covers everything from finding Samoyed puppies for sale, to training and grooming guides, health and nutrition advice and even heartwarming stories about life with Samoyeds. exists to assist readers on their journey with these wonderful dogs, encouraging responsible ownership, and celebrating the unique charm and companionship they bring into our lives. Through expert knowledge and personal experiences shared here on Raising Samoyeds' blog, Raising Samoyeds provides a supportive community for Samoyed fans worldwide.

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